50 Tips For Using A Deer Hunting Rifle.
1. The rifle is the most suitable firearm for deer hunting for its long range, high accuracy and high power.
2. The longer the barrel, the more accurate the shot is. The lighter and more streamlined or rifled bullets, the further and faster they go.
3. Centrefire rifle calibers under .229 and rimfire rifle calibers below .22 are banned in most US states.
4. The most popular rifle calibers for deer hunting are .243, .270. .303, .308, 6.5x55mm, .25-06, .30-30 and .30-06.
5. Do not afraid to try an overkill thing like .338 or 7 mm magnum, it would dispatch the deer much faster and leave a good blood trace.
6. If the rifles are banned in your area, a rifled choke tube or a rifled barrel shotgun would be a good substitute.
7. The common shotgun gauge for deer hunting are 10, 12, 16 and the minimum is 20 gauge.
8. Muzzleloader must have round caliber larger more than .45 with the .50 caliber is the most popular.
9. Choose a semi-automatic, level-action, pump-action rifle or a shotgun with buckshot in thick woods range within100 yards, for its fast action and heavy finish.
10. In the open area which the range up to 200 yards or more, the bolt action rifle with lighter bullet and higher velocity can be sufficiently accurate.
11. Take care of your firearm, make sure it’s in good condition and works properly.
12. Know your rifle well, how to load, unload, operate it. Practice to harmonize with it.
13. Do not shoot on the hard surface (including water). The bullet will likely bounce off and move in unpredictable direction, which is quite dangerous.
14. There are basically four shooting positions: prone, sitting, kneeling and standing. Prone is the most stable and standing is the quickest and the most difficult position.
15. If you are standing and do not have support, use the sling to support your rifle. Wrap it around nonfiring arm or clutch near the fore-end and pull it back.
16. The butt of the rifle is in the shoulder’s pocket could help to lessen the recoil effect and maintain a comfortable position.
17. If your shoulder hurts after firing, then you should choose a shorter end rifle. If the recoil make the scope harmful to your eyes, it means you need a longer stock rifle.
18. Use your pack, sandbag, logs or natural branches to support your rifle. Do not use the hard surface like rock surface, for the rifle will bounce off and the shot will hit higher.
19. If you use a bipod or tripod, set it on a soft earth or better a sandbag to keep it more steady.
20. In still hunting, always hold your firearm in hands, you will be unable to take it off your shoulder in the present of a deer.
21. Of all types, the peep sight is the fastest and most accurate at a short range, the scope is for the young and whom can not see clearly the distant target and best for a long range.
22. Plex scope is better than crosshair and is the most suitable for deer hunting.
23. Learn to use the mil-dot scope reticle to make your shooting more accurately.
24. Zero your scope before use.
25. Set the magnification scope at 4X for most common shooting distance.
26. Move your head back and forthwhile looking through the scope to receive a clear image (without shadow on the edge).
27. Adjust your head so that you can see the target in the center of the reticle.
28. If you use a handgun or shotgun with open sights, aligns the sights so that the front sight is in center of the rear sight’s notch (or aperture).
29. Focus on the front sight, not the target and quickly see back and forth to bring the front sight right in the center of the target.
30. You should aim with your both eyes open for faster reaction and better vision. It needs a little practice.
31. Focus and relax while hunting. You’ll never know when the deer will present in front of you, and a little distract will cost you the whole day waiting.
32. Master your range estimation. You can use a range finder to help perfect your work.
33. Adjust to the range. Know exactly your bullet trajectory, how it will drop at various. If you rezo your gun at 25 feet, it will be a bit higher when shoot from 200 feet.
34. Observe the object reaction on the field to estimate the speed of the wind, or use an electronic wind gauge.
35. Analyze the terrain and predict how it will affect the wind all the way down to the target.
36. If the wind changes all the times, fire your gun when the wind around you subsides down, for its effects on the bullet will be highest at the moment the bullet leave your barrel.
37. Compensate for the wind effect. For example, at distance of 100 yards, with muzzle velocity of 2600fps, a .308 bullet will deviate 1 inch from the target by the 10mph wind (a wind that raise the dust).
38. Compensate for the uphill/downhill affect. For example, when shooting uphill 450 at 400 yards with a .223 bullet weight 69 gr, the bullet will go up 10,63 inches. It needs practice.
39. Only shoot when you are sure that there is nobody in your range.
40. Do not rush to shoot. Wait for the deer comes closer, ready to fire your gun, prepare your body so that the gun will point at the target naturally.
41. Do not raise your gun too early, keeping it steady will tire your arm and it will begin shaking. Only aim when you are about pressing the trigger.
42. Pick an exact spot to aim at instead of an entire body.
43. Aim at the zone around the middle of the foreleg if you face the deer broadside. The bullet will hit the vital zone of the lungs and the heart.
44. If the deer are coming towards you within short range, you can aim either its neck or brisket area. Never try its head, for this is the smallest and most animated part.
45. If you shoot from behind the deer, make sure you can make it through the lungs or better the heart, not in the gut area.
46. If you shoot it in the stomach, the deer will run miles away before dying and a large part of the meat will be spoiled.
47. You’ll likely miss when you are nervous. Do not fear the recoil, it won’t hurt. Just relax and go along with it.
48. Trigger control. Take a deep breath, slowly exhale and fire your gun in the middle of it.Gently apply pressure on the trigger, do not pull it hard.
49. Keep your finger staying on the trigger after firing a moment, for the bullet will need time to be completely out of the muzzle.